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The HyperText Markup Language (HTML) is a simple markup language used to createhypertext documents that are portable from one platform to another. It is the publishing language of the World Wide Web (WWW). HTML documents are SGML documents with generic semantics that are appropriate for representing information from a wide range of applications.
3. Specialized topics
See also WWW Design and Style
See also our RDF page !
We don't teach or use DHTML a lot. It makes pages much heavier, there is
no common standard (DHTML is not a standard so far)
and it's more work to build and maintain .... and often useless
Check other sites please,
e.g. Dynamic Drive
or general WebMaster's sites.
4. Tools / Software
(only some, some maybe outdated)
(need more here)
- Don't use "save as HTML" in Word, use some Rtf2Html:
A note about browsers: IE is not a superior browser. Version 5.5 just
implements CSS much better than Netscape 4.x ever did. But it still
fails in many aspects. It doesn't even respect the fundamental HTTP
protocol, e.g. if you put some html in some text file (served as
text/plain by the server), it will not display the html code but
render it as HTML which it should *not*. IE has trouble with uploading
and many other little problems.
I suggest the following strategy for non-commercial webmasters who build pages and
sites which must last:
Comment added by DKS 1/2001. You may also read Stop beating the Lizard and
Mozilla is not Netscape, both at O'Reilly Network.
- Do simple HTML. It is much easier to maintain and indexes
well with search engines and it will load fast. Go for
XHTML (transitional) or HTML 4.01 transitional if you know what I am talking about and don't
use any JS code (any stupid beginner can do roll-over
menus, so don't be afraid of not using these).
People will be able to read your pages for years to
come. If your pages must look pretty, you should use external style-sheets, but
do NOT use tiny Windows fonts. Windows fonts look big on Windows screens but print
very small and look very small on other platforms.
- If you plan to write web applications, code by
W3C DOM standards and ignore NS 4.x and IE 5. Your code may or may
not run with IE 5.5 (you can make allowances for this) but it
will with Mozilla which is coming along nicely (install its
release and ignore Netscape 6 if you can). It will also run
with Netscape 6.x and IE 6 (unless MS decides to launch some
major sabotage project).