Honolulu Community College's Experiences Exploring the World Wide Web

Purpose Statement:

The purpose of this paper is to examine the experiences that Honolulu Community College has had after one full year of participation as a World Wide Web site. It is the author's hope that others will gain significant insight from our efforts that can be applied to their own situation. It is further anticipated that dialogs can take place that will provide Honolulu Community College with new insights and suggestions as they start their second year working with the tools and resources known as the World Wide Web. The description that follows includes links to work that has been done at HCC and examples of other WWW sites that are similar to HCC's. The comments that follow unless otherwise noted are those of the author, Ken Hensarling.


History and Development of WWW at HCC

Growth Rates of WWW Access at HCC

Growing Pains and Problems

Uses of WWW at HCC

Current WWW Projects

Future Directions

Examples of Campus Wide Information Systems Using WWW

History and Development of WWW at HCC

To fully appreciate Honolulu Community College's involvement in the World Wide Web you should be aware that HCC has only been connected to the Internet for a little over two years now. The original T1 connection project was to provide access to the University of Hawaii's CARL Library system. This same T1 connection that provides HCC with access to the UHNet and the CARL Library system also provided us with full Internet access. Of the seven Community College campuses in the University of Hawaii System, HCC was the only one ready for an Internet connection. Our campus network was already based upon TCP/IP and had over 700 nodes linked together. The day the T1 was connected was the day that the entire campus had full Internet access. Unfortunately, only a few students and faculty members had any idea what access to the Internet meant. The most crucial task we had to face at this point was to educate our users about the Internet and answer the question, "What can I do with an Internet connection?". During this time we downloaded and installed several key packages on our UNIX server. These packages included archie, hytelnet, pine, and gopher. We also began to develop a series of workshops for faculty and students on how to use the Internet.

Development of Internet use at HCC proceeded slowly for the first year. It was during the second year of our Internet access in early May, 1993, that Kevin Hughes, a student programmer, discovered the newly released Mosaic and, through this application, of the existence of the World Wide Web. Kevin and I had been working on Campus Wide Information System front-ends at the time and he thought that he could use WWW to build a new multimedia hypertext based front-end. In about two weeks time working around 30 to 40 hours a week, Kevin installed the CERN http server, learned how to use it, and developed the first pass at the HCC home page. Our first http log indicates that the first day of service was May 25, 1993.

Kevin's original intent with the Honolulu Community College WWW home page was to prove his concept of using WWW as a campus wide information system front-end. We originally sought to populate the home page with examples of how this new technology could be used. Kevin basically brought a few of his ideas to me and after a brief discussion proceeded to develop, the interactive campus map, the multimedia Dinosaur Exhibit, and a few other server apps that would allow users to query the HCC phone book and the current list of campus network users. I would like to make it clear that all of the initial development of HCC's WWW service was done by Kevin Hughes. I spent a great deal of time with him making suggestions and offering encouragement, but the project was his. Throughout this period of time it was easy to share in the excitement that Kevin's work was generating but the whole project still had a low profile since most of our campus users did not have the X-terminals needed to view our home page. I was extremely surprised when e-mail and calls started arriving on an almost daily basis asking about how we had done things. I discovered that Kevin was working with programmers involved in the WWW project around the world and that a little community college in the middle of the Pacific Ocean was gaining international attention.

Kevin continued to add information to the service during the next months. Mainly we concentrated on local information, but he also started building his Network Services page. During the months of September and October HCC gave its first public demonstration of WWW and Kevin wrote his paper, The World Wide Web: A Guide to Cyber Space. (Kevin has just (5-21-94) released an updated version of his Guide.) During November of 1993, we migrated our WWW service from our main UNIX box, pulua, to a new SPARCServer 10 running Solaris 2.3. During this time we lost about twenty days worth of logs as we worked to get the service up and running properly. It was also during this time period that Kevin was contacted by Enterprise Integration Technologies (EIT) about a job. I realized that I would soon have to take over the whole project at HCC so I started frantically learning all I could about what Kevin had done. Kevin started to work for EIT in January of 1994. At this point, I took over as webmaster and the development of the project at HCC took a different turn. Since January, 1994, my focus on WWW has been on how HCC could use this new technology in other areas. These areas include courseware development, distance learning, interactive notes, document storage and retrieval, document feedback, and Internet exploration.

Growth Rates of WWW Access at HCC

According to our logs the first day of service for HCC's WWW service was May 25, 1993. We had 662 offsite requests that day. Exactly one month later on June 25, 1993, HCC recorded 1125 offsite requests for that day. This was the highest single day of activity in the first month of service. During that month we had a total of 17,524 offsite requests.

Here is a portion of the daily summary log generated on November 3, 1993 that reflects the daily totals for this first month of service.

HTTP Server Offsite Daily Statistics
Server: http://pulua.hcc.hawaii.edu/ (CERN)
Date: Wed Nov 03 03:50:56 AM GMT 1993 (Tue Nov 02 17:50:57 PM HST 1993)
Each mark (#) represents 80 requests.
All dates are in GMT.

05/25/93: ######## (662)
05/26/93: ##### (451)
05/27/93: #### (325)
05/28/93: ## (212)
05/29/93: # (114)
05/30/93:  (39)
05/31/93: # (80)
06/01/93: ##### (417)
06/02/93: ##### (451)
06/03/93: #### (327)
06/04/93: ### (307)
06/05/93: # (98)
06/06/93:  (24)
06/07/93: # (159)
06/08/93: ###### (514)
06/09/93: #### (356)
06/10/93: ###### (487)
06/11/93: ## (235)
06/12/93: ## (217)
06/13/93: # (93)
06/14/93: ###### (530)
06/15/93: ####### (577)
06/16/93: ######### (776)
06/17/93: ###### (483)
06/18/93: ###### (537)
06/19/93: # (143)
06/20/93: # (145)
06/21/93: ####### (629)
06/22/93: ########## (821)
06/23/93: ########### (955)
06/24/93: ########### (903)
06/25/93: ############## (1125)

The following weekly summary log generated on September 28, 1993 reflects the first 126 days of service.

HTTP Server Offsite Weekly Statistics
Server: http://pulua.hcc.hawaii.edu/
Date: Tue Sep 28 22:20:51 PM GMT 1993 (Tue Sep 28 12:20:51 PM HST 1993)
Each mark (#) represents 500 requests.
All dates are in GMT.
Week of 05/25/93: ### (1803)
Week of 05/31/93: ### (1704)
Week of 06/07/93: #### (2061)
Week of 06/14/93: ###### (3191)
Week of 06/21/93: ######### (4961)
Week of 06/28/93: ############### (7871)
Week of 07/05/93: ############### (7525)
Week of 07/12/93: #################### (10062)
Week of 07/19/93: ############################# (14509)
Week of 07/26/93: ######################## (12451)
Week of 08/02/93: ################################ (16187)
Week of 08/09/93: ##################### (10817)
Week of 08/16/93: ################## (9421)
Week of 08/23/93: ################## (9053)
Week of 08/30/93: ################################# (16636)
Week of 09/06/93: ####################### (11917)
Week of 09/13/93: ######################### (12662)
Week of 09/20/93: ############################################### (23698)
Week of 09/27/93: ############### (7523)
Requests last 7 days: 23706
New unique hosts last 7 days: 813
Total unique hosts: 6681
Number of offsite HTML requests: 36916
Number of offsite non-HTML requests: 147136
Total number of all offsite requests: 184052
Total days of service: 126

The following summary of the first 181 days represents approximately the first six months of service.

Server: http://pulua.hcc.hawaii.edu/ (CERN)
Date: Mon Nov 22 12:30:01 PM GMT 1993 (Mon Nov 22 02:30:01 AM HST 1993)
Requests last 7 days: 25751
New unique hosts last 7 days: 2167
Total unique hosts: 16666
Number of offsite HTML requests: 71174
Number of offsite non-HTML requests: 304176
Total number of all offsite requests: 375350
Covers: 05/25/93 to 11/22/93 GMT (181 days).

May 25, 1994 will mark the first full year of service of Honolulu Community College's WWW service. We hope to have an updated report for the first year at that point in time. At this writing I will reflect the totals that we have achieved as of April 11, 1994. I also have provided some interesting averages for consideration.

As of April 11, 1994 HCC has recorded the following requests for information.

Total unique hosts: 65,611

Number of offsite HTML requests: 259,492

Number of offsite non-HTML requests: 861,459

Total number of all offsite requests: 1,120,951

These figures were arrived at by adding together the following two summary logs. Due to the size of the summary logs we had to archive the first logs that reflect the first 181 days and will soon be archiving the second set of logs that reflect the period since the first log. We will attempt to merge this data together to produce a single comprehensive report that can be used to reflect the first year's activity and the information we have about our visitors. Hopefully, shortly after this paper is presented we will have completed this report and can make it available for review.

Server: http://pulua.hcc.hawaii.edu/ (CERN)
Date: Mon Nov 22 12:30:01 PM GMT 1993 (Mon Nov 22 02:30:01 AM HST 1993)
Requests last 7 days: 25751
New unique hosts last 7 days: 2167
Total unique hosts: 16666
Number of offsite HTML requests: 71174
Number of offsite non-HTML requests: 304176
Total number of all offsite requests: 375350
Covers: 05/25/93 to 11/22/93 GMT (181 days).

Server: http://www.hcc.hawaii.edu/ (CERN)
Date: Mon Apr 11 12:30:00 PM GMT 1994 (Mon Apr 11 02:30:00 AM HST 1994)
Requests last 7 days: 52793
New unique hosts last 7 days: 3238
Total unique hosts: 48945
Number of offsite HTML requests: 188318
Number of offsite non-HTML requests: 557283
Total number of all offsite requests: 745601
Covers: 11/24/93 to 04/11/94 GMT (140 days).

Honolulu Community College has received an average of 3492 requests a day for each of the first 321 days. Following through with this averaging HCC has seen over 204 unique new hosts each day for the first 321 days of service.

The actual growth trends of the World Wide Web are better reflected by the individual averages of the two summary logs presented above.

During the first 181 days of service HCC received an average of 2073 requests for information a day. We averaged 92 new hosts each day for the same period. During the next 140 days of service the averages jumped to over 5325 requests a day for information and over 349 new hosts each day. The growth reflected by the increased requests for information on HCC's server in the last 140 days reflects 2 and 1/2 times as many requests as received in the first 181 days.

Growing pains and problems

Probably the most obvious problem that HCC had from the very beginning is what machine to put this new experimental service up on. When we started we only had one main server running, that was pulua, a Sun SPARCserver 4/670 MP with 128 MB of RAM. The problem was that this server was the main access point for all of our network users. Any time the server crashed, people got angry. In the early days as we learned how to create server side scripts and programs, we made the server crash. Interestingly enough, the problem was usually not the http software, but our creative applications of the software extensions. I will never forget that the early versions of plotd, Kevin Hughes' extension that powers the Geographical Resource Locator document, regularly ate system resources until eventually it brought the system to its knees. The other problem was just learning how to make use of the software and its capabilities. We were fortunate to have Kevin and his early efforts are really why we have been successful. However, this created a second problem when it became obvious that Kevin was the only one who know how to fix any http server related problems.

In November, we moved the entire WWW service off of pulua and put it on a new SPARCstation 10 platform running Solaris 2.3. This meant we had to port all of our http software extensions to a new version of the Solaris operating system. It was also at this time that we changed the location of HCC's URL from http://pulua.hcc.hawaii.edu to a more generic http://www.hcc.hawaii.edu. Our original naming of the service was tied to our main UNIX server. The whole concept of WWW was too new for us to understand that it needed a generic server identity of its own. Of course, there was a good deal of confusion and frustration when we changed our location even though it was announced. I still spend a few moments responding to e-mail asking where things are now located.

Kevin Hughes was in and out by this time. In an effort to learn everything I could about WWW and http I downloaded and setup the new NCSA http server software on my personal workstation. I was excited about forms and I was convinced that this new feature had tremendous potential for education. So I spent the last months of 1993 learning how to use NCSA's http while we were running the CERN http for our main service. I did manage to figure out how to keep the CERN version running. It was during this time that I discovered that left alone http server software needs little attention.

December of 1993 was the last month Kevin worked for HCC and in January of 1994 he started to work for EIT. There was about a four month period where nothing changed on our main WWW service at all. It appeared that no new development was taking place. This is not the case. During this period of time I developed several new HTMl documents that allow HCC to explore different aspects of the benefits of WWW. This is where the focus of HCC's WWW development took a new direction. We had been firmly rooted in using WWW as a CWIS front-end. Now, we started exploring how to use this new technology in the classroom and in daily operations. Our biggest problem now was getting together a WWW development team. I was determined not to abandon our previous efforts and yet I did not want to get caught short again. I had to find a way to get the funding we needed to put together a group dedicated to the development of the World Wide Web services for HCC and Hawaii.

To spread the word and drum up support, I started doing demonstrations on a regular basis. We had already been demonstrating what we had done and the power of WWW, but now I had a new zeal. I estimate that I have done at least 5 demonstrations a week for the last three months. These demos are for groups that range in size from 1 to 75. I have shown students, faculty, administration, business leaders, state employees, and state legislators. Recently, I was asked to do a pre-conference workshop for the 1994 Hawaii Information Networks and Telecommunication Symposium (HINTS). I taught two separate workshops with 75 people attending each. I used WWW and an HTML document to present the whole workshop. What was also significant about this workshop was that I had help from the Information Technologies Services group at the University of Hawaii at Manoa. Our goal was to develop a course that could be used system-wide to help users learn more about the Internet. The workshop served as our first pass at this course and as a prototype of other courses we hope to develop.

I have had two important supporters in my efforts to promote the use of WWW at HCC and the University of Hawaii. HCC's provost, Peter Kessinger and Kapiolani Community College's provost, John Morton. They have both grasped the significance of WWW and recognized its potentials early on. These busy admininstrators have even taken the time to learn how to create HTML documents. Examples of their efforts are linked below.

Peter Kessinger has put together several documents while learning how to use WWW and HTML. Take a look at his HTML version of The American Imperative. For an example of John Morton's work take a look at Board of Regents demo.

Needless to say, there is more work to be done and certainly more work that my few staff members can handle. We are trying hard to coordinate a system-wide and state-wide effort to promote WWW development. Toward this end Honolulu Community College is setting up a new Digital Multimedia Production Center. If funding becomes available we will be able to accomplish much more than we have. Regardless of the outcome of various funding requests Honolulu Community College will continue to support our development efforts with the World Wide Web.

Uses of WWW at HCC

The following items are links to examples of how WWW is currently being used and tested for possible use at Honolulu Community College.

  1. Campus Wide Information System frontend
  2. Community service announcement tool
  3. Internet exploration tool
  4. Courseware development platform
  5. Electronic forms platform
  6. Document storage and retrieval tool
  7. Document feedback tool
  8. Distance education platform

Current WWW projects in progress

  1. Expand current campus information

    Much of our effort has been to demonstrate the capabilities of WWW to anyone in Hawaii that would listen. In the mean time we have been trying to develop a set of basic server scripts that will allow us to further expand HCC's own use of WWW. If you have been through our home page, you saw many things are in Gopher format. The main reason for this is that we had developed our Gopher services a few months prior to the start of our WWW development. So the information was there and part of what WWW browsers do is to serve up various protocols including Gopher. This is a an implied use of the browser. We sought to demonstrate this. As our efforts to move information to electronic formats around campus increased, Gopher was the most visible method. By this I mean that all of our system could run Gopher and it was easy to use. Many of our MACs still do not run System 7 due to lack of sufficent memory. Many of our PCs do not run Windows due to the size of the hard disks on most of our 386 machines. This means that only a few individuals could actually use a browswer like Mosaic or Cello. Fortunately, Lnyx came to our rescue.

    Of course, once someone sees the slick multimedia interface of Mosaic and Cello it is hard to convince them that a character-based application is worth using. My point of argument has been that regardless of the hardware platform we now have a way for anyone to connect to the Web. This has been helpful in getting our local campus to look closer at using the network.

    Another aspect to consider is that HCC is just starting to see a sizeable increase in the number of users around campus who are trying to see how they can use the campus network and Internet. As more HCC faculty are exploring the Internet and WWW, we have more requests to set up additional local services. This summer should see the first full course delivered via WWW at HCC. It is a joint Distance Learning project between three of the community colleges in the University of Hawaii system. The project is described below in the section on the Pre-Engineering Distance Education pilot project.

  2. Revise the organization of HCC's home page

    Another project we are currently working on is redesigning or reorganizing our home page. The original purpose of HCC's serve was to explore the possibilities of the Web. We wanted to build a CWIS around this technology or at least see what was possible. Much of what we did originally was to prove concept. Okay, we have proven the concept is sound and that WWW has much to offer our campus as a CWIS. So now we are giving more thought to the way things are arranged. We are trying to make it much easier for individuals to use HCC's home page as an information exploration tool. We want to seamlessly integrate local, regional, state, national, and international information. We also want to look at ways to organize information that will be of benefit for our Instructional programs.

    Toward this end we have started working on a new home page. Please feel free to take a look at the new design and then offer your suggestions concerning what works well and what needs to be changed. Be aware that the new home page is subject to constant change and several links may not be active at any given time. In fact, we would welcome your reactions to our existing service as well. If you have a forms capable browser, please take a few minutes and tell us what you think about our current server. If you do not have a forms browser, please e-mail your comments to webmaster@hcc.hawaii.edu.

  3. System wide Internet training courseware development

    The University of Hawaii has long been active on the Internet. Unfortunately, the majority of our faculty, staff, and students have not been. The University has been expanding its wide area network for the last few years. Currently, all of the campuses have a T1 type network connection via the State fiber SONET network, or via microwave link. The UHNet has brought the Internet to all of the 11 campuses in the University of Hawaii system. The demands for Internet training have risen as users around the system become more aware of the information resources available. The Internet workshop described earlier was a first attempt to use WWW to provide a training curriculum for use system-wide. Plans have been made to continue exploring the use of WWW as one of the means for distributing user training.

    A proposal to organize the development of WWW through the University of Hawaii is currently being considered by the Director of Information Technology Services. HCC has been recognized for its leadership in pioneering WWW development in Hawaii. Hopefully, the University will continue to collaborate on the use of new technologies such as WWW with all campuses in the system. You can view the proposal here.

  4. Pre-engineering course for Distance Education pilot

    Honolulu Community College is participating in a joint pilot project to use WWW and the Internet as a means of teaching a Pre-Engineering course. The project involves three campuses in the University of Hawaii Community College System, HCC, Kapiolani Community College, and Leeward Community College. Essentially, this is a Distance Education pilot funded through UH President Mortimer's office. HCC currently teaches a variety of pre-engineering courses. Each of the of other two campuses would like to offer these courses for their students, but do not have the resources or personnel to offer the courses. Additionally, it is expected that the number of students from these campus is relatively small. The combined enrollment between the three campuses will make the total enrollment in the course greater and will provide the University with an opportunity to consolidate its efforts in meeting the needs for pre-engineering students. This will be the first credit course that UH or HCC has attempted to teach via WWW. Please take a look at the course outline for the pilot course.

    One interesting aspect of this course is that the principle faculty members involved have been writing various MS-Windows applications to be used in conjunction with the course. Using Mosaic for MS-Windows, they have been able to extend Mosaic and launch these applications as external "viewers".

  5. Bishop Museum

    One of the more significant museum's in Hawaii is the Bishop Museum. This museum provides Hawaii and the world with an important link to Hawaii's past as well as present. HCC is currently working with Bishop museum to set up a multimedia exhibit using WWW technology. Hopefully, we will have a preliminary home page before long to stimulate your curiousity.

  6. Virtually Hawaii

    As acceptance and use of WWW has grown many users have noticed a tendency for Web sites to have pointers to much of the same information. This leads to a great deal of redundancy. Since most of these links are nothing more than pointers this is not as bad as it could be. I know that groups are working on the overall indexing of resources on the Web and that there are many sides to this problem. I am working on an interesting solution to keep that level of redundancy from occurring as WWW grows in acceptance and use in Hawaii.

    Simply put, myself and various others would like to see a single point of entry for WWW in Hawaii. This master HTML document would link users to all of the various Web sites available throughout the state. Part of the plan would be to have one set of pointers to the information that is common to all or of general interest. Each site would be responsible for maintaining information that is unique to that site. Currently we are trying to help various groups around the state develop WWW sites. These sites would include information organized around the following topics:

    Having a single point of entry to the Web for Hawaii with education, government, and medical information seems to be within our capabilities. The State of Hawaii is in the process of developing a state-wide fiber network that will connect all schools and government agencies. I expect that the medical community will be easily drawn into this process since they have a high investment in networking already. What is missing in Hawaii is commercial and public access to the Internet. This situation is fast changing. There are now a variety of ways for the public and business organizations to get onto the Internet.

    I just discovered that Hawaii's State Legislature is now connected to the state fiber SONET network. Here is a telnet link to ACCESS: Hawaii's State Legislature's Public Information System

    As various groups begin to explore the Internet, we hope to be able to provide a convenient way for them to be added to the growing information resources statewide. To help this aspect along we have been working with various information and service providers in Hawaii. Everyone seems excited and hopefully this technology will help Hawaii grow our budding information industry. At the very least, a project of this nature should make it easier to find information concerning Hawaii.

Future WWW plans at HCC

  1. Make HCC's information easily accessable to campus users and the public

    Currently, many of our campus users view WWW via the Lynx browser. This provides all of our users with the ability to use WWW right now. It also does not allow these users to view the multimedia aspects of our service. We are trying to introduce more and more of our users to the multimedia WWW browsers such as Mosaic and Cello. Usually, moving to a multimedia browser requires a significant upgrade to the computers normally used around campus. We still have a large amount of MAC users that are unable to run System 7 which is needed to run Mosaic. We also have several users who are using 286 class PCs.

    We had also hoped to be able to place workstations at various public libraries to allow public access to our site and the World Wide Web. Thus far we have been unable to do so because of the lack of connectivity between HCC and the public libraries. The State of Hawaii will soon be providing SONET fiber connectivity to the libraries as well as the public schools. This increased connectivity should allow much greater public access to WWW.

  2. Provide a useful frontend to the Internet for HCC users

    While we have always provided our users with the Network Services page, we would like to create pages focused around various instructional areas. Our plan is to setup a WWW page that provides faculty and students in a particular discipline with a custom page integrating information about their program with various resources around the Internet. This should allow the departments to build up resources that will directly benefit their faculty and students. Take a look at a prototype departmental resource page.

  3. Link the major information resources of the state of Hawaii into one searchable frontend

    I have already describe the project "Virtually Hawaii" in a previous section. I am convinced that the true benefit of the Internet is access to information. I believe that we need to provide the people of Hawaii with an easy way to access the volumes of information we use on a daily basis. There are several projects going on today that provide access to information. HCC hopes to link these resources together by building a front-end that makes it easy to navigate through the various information resources.

  4. Continue to develop Distance Learning courseware

    One of the major focuses of the University of Hawaii's new president, Dr. Kenneth Mortimer, is exploring and developing Distance Learning alternatives. I believe that WWW technology will play an important role in allowing the University and the public schools to find a cost effective way to offer courses across a distance.

  5. Continue to point Hawaii to Internet via WWW

    HCC will continue to serve as a focal point or demonstration site for exploring the Internet. Currently, we offer the only Internet courses available to the local public. We will continue to provide these courses and hope to serve as a resource for anyone who wishes to learn more about accessing the Internet. As we provide these services, WWW technology will play an important role as a tool that can easily be used to explore the Internet.

  6. Help provide public access to Internet via WWW

    While wonderful things are happening in regards to networking the various state agencies, public and commercial access lag far behind in Hawaii. HCC will continue to explore ways to attract local providers of Internet access for public. If Hawaii is to gain benefit from networking and the resources of the Information Age, we need public access to the Internet. There are a few local providers emerging. Most of these provide limited access to the Internet. None of these services are yet able to offer full Internet access and to handle large numbers of users.

  7. Help stimulate and develop commercial access to Internet via WWW

    Until recently, the cost of high speed access to the Internet prevented most businesses from considering the advantages Internet access offered. Significant reductions in access charges are now making it possible for local businesses to consider providing Internet access. Hawaii needs businesses on the Internet if we are to see significant changes in the way we do business. Currently, two projects taking place in California serve as models to what doing business on the Internet will be like. Take a look at Commerce Net and Internet Shopping Network. These ventures were made possible by a Federal grant. Hawaii needs a consolidated effort to attempt a similar project locally. We believe that this type of commercial Internet will benefit the state of Hawaii and make doing business here easier.

Examples of WWW CWIS Sites Similar to HCC

The Campus Wide Information Systems list is made up of entries found in the NCSA Mosaic What's New List since July of 1993. The list is divided up by countries and attempts to verify that the site is indeed an example of a CWIS has been made. I am now attempting to go through the much larger list of WWW servers maintained at CERN. This will take a while. It is the intention of this author to send a questionaire to each of the sites on the list to follow up on their efforts to use WWW as a CWIS frontend. A copy of the questionaire can be found here.

In the course of my verifying the CWIS list, I ran across this similar list at Dartmouth. Take a look at both lists and compare the two.

Additions, corrections, and/or deletions to this list are welcome. Send your comments to ken@hcc.hawaii.edu

last updated 5/13/94